Monthly Archives: September 2015
Hipster top-knots are making men BALD: ‘Man buns’ place extreme tension on hair roots, triggering permanent hair loss
- Scraping hair into a top-knot can cause a condition called traction alopecia
- Causes bald patches appear – usually around the forehead and temples
- If the roots are pulled at over a long period of time, they become damaged
- Hair will eventually cease to grow, leading to permanent baldness Â
They are sported by celebrities such as Leonardo DiCaprio, Jared Leto and Harry Styles.
But hipster ‘man buns’ can lead to permanent hair loss, experts have warned.
Scraping hair into a top-knot can cause a condition calledÂ traction alopecia, where bald patches appear – usually around the forehead and temples.
If the roots are pulled at over a long period of time, they become damaged – and hair will cease to grow.
This week, Mississippi dermatologistÂ Sabra Sullivan spoke out about the increasing number of men she is seeing with the condition.
She told MIC: ‘Traction alopecia in men is becoming really, really common.
‘I see it probably once or twice a week. They’re putting traction on the hair follicles that the hair is not really meant to take.’
She added: ‘Unfortunately, once the hair follicle is damaged, it doesn’t grow back.’
Leading hair transplant surgeon Dr Bessam Farjo agreed that pulling hair into a tight bun can lead to bald patches.
He told MailOnline: ‘Traction alopecia is mechanical damage to the hair root. Over time, you lose hair along the hair line and down the sides of the face.
‘The problem is if hair is tightly scraped back, all the time, every day, it puts long-term stress on the hair.
The follicle is pulled – creating tension along it and down to the root, damaging the root and pulling it out.
‘It’s just like plucking an eyebrow hair – if you clasp it between the tweezers and pull hard enough, it comes out. And eventually, if you keep plucking it, it won’t grow back.
‘Sufferers are left with a hair-band type shape of alopecia around their face.’
Dr Farjo, who runs the Farjo Hair Institute in London and Manchester, added: ‘Men who tightly tie their hair back for fashion reasons do risk getting the condition – as do women who have the tightly scraped back so-called “Croydon Facelift” style.
However those who suffer the most are Sikh men who tie their hair up tightly under their turban,’ he explained.
‘I have had clients in their 20s who no longer want to wear a turban but have suffered permanent hair loss. Years of tying hair back in a knot has pulled the roots along the hairline.
‘Another at-risk group is men who suffer baldness on the top of the head – so they pull the remainder back into a ponytail.’I do warn them they may cause even more hair loss by doing this
‘It’s also very common in black women who braid their hair – it’s the same principle.’
Therefore, the only way to prevent traction alopecia if you still want to have a bun hairstyle is to style the hair into a looser bun.
However, the good news is that traction alopecia is relatively rare, even for men who regularly sport man buns.
Dr Sullivan said: ‘There are lots of men who wear man buns and don’t get traction alopecia. The idea is not to pull so tight. You don’t want to have to go for hair transplants later.’
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3249155/Hipster-knots-making-men-BALD-Man-buns-place-extreme-tension-hair-roots-triggering-permanent-hair-loss.html#ixzz3moJMQFik
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Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3249155/Hipster-knots-making-men-BALD-Man-buns-place-extreme-tension-hair-roots-triggering-permanent-hair-loss.html#ixzz3moItXtOe
THE HISTORY OF COFFEE
In the Ethiopian highlands, where the legend of Kaldi, the goatherd, originated, coffee trees grow today as they have for centuries. Though we will never know with certainty, there probably is some truth to the Kaldi legend.
It is said that he discovered coffee after noticing that his goats, upon eating berries from a certain tree, became so spirited that they did not want to sleep at night.
Kaldi dutifully reported his findings to the abbot of the local monastery who made a drink with the berries and discovered that it kept him alert for the long hours of evening prayer.Â Soon the abbot had shared his discovery with the other monks at the monastery, and ever so slowly knowledge of the energizing effects of the berries began to spread.Â As word moved east and coffee reached the Arabian peninsula, it began a journey which would spread its reputation across the globe.
Today coffee is grown in a multitude of countries around the world. Whether it is Asia or Africa, Central or South America, the islands of the Caribbean or Pacific, all can trace their heritage to the trees in the ancient coffee forests on the Ethiopian plateau.
The Arabian Peninsula
The Arabs were the first, not only to cultivate coffee but also to begin its trade.Â By the fifteenth century, coffee was being grown in the Yemeni district of Arabia and by the sixteenth century it was known in Persia, Egypt, Syria and Turkey.
Coffee was not only drunk in homes but also in the many public coffee houses — called qahveh khaneh — which began to appear in cities across the Near East. The popularity of the coffee houses was unequaled and people frequented them for all kinds of social activity. Not only did they drink coffee and engage in conversation, but they also listened to music, watched performers, played chess and kept current on the news of the day.Â In fact, they quickly became such an important center for the exchange of information that the coffee houses were often referred to as ‘Schools of the Wise.’
With thousands of pilgrims visiting the holy city of Mecca each year from all over the world, word of the ‘wine of Araby’ as the drink was often called, was beginning to spread far beyond Arabia. In an effort to maintain its complete monopoly in the early coffee trade, the Arabians continued to closely guard their coffee production.
Coffee Comes to Europe
European travellers to the Near East brought back stories of the unusual dark black beverage. By the 17th century, coffee had made its way to Europe and was becoming popular across the continent. Opponents were overly cautious, calling the beverage the ‘bitter invention of Satan.’ With the coming of coffee to Venice in 1615, the local clergy condemned it. The controversy was so great that Pope Clement VIII was asked to intervene. Before making a decision however, he decided to taste the beverage for himself. He found the drink so satisfying that he gave it Papal approval.
Despite such controversy, in the major cities of England, Austria, France, Germany and Holland, coffee houses were quickly becoming centers of social activity and communication. In England ‘penny universities’ sprang up, so called because for the price of a penny one could purchase a cup of coffee and engage in stimulating conversation.Â By the mid-17th century, there were over 300 coffee houses in London, many of which attracted patrons with common interests, such as merchants, shippers, brokers and artists.
Many businesses grew out of these specialized coffee houses. Lloyd’s of London, for example, came into existence at the Edward Lloyd’s Coffee House.
The New World
In the mid-1600’s, coffee was brought to New Amsterdam, a location later called New York by the British.
Though coffee houses rapidly began to appear, tea continued to be the favored drink in the New World until 1773 when the colonists revolted against a heavy tax on tea imposed by King George.Â The revolt, known as the Boston Tea Party, would forever change the American drinking preference to coffee.
Plantations Around the World
As demand for the beverage continued to spread, there was tense competition to cultivate coffee outside of Arabia. Though the Arabs tried hard to maintain their monopoly, the Dutch finally succeeded, in the latter half of the 17th century, to obtain some seedlings. Their first attempts to plant them in India failed but they were successful with their efforts in Batavia, on the island of Java in what is now Indonesia.Â The plants thrived and soon the Dutch had a productive and growing trade in coffee. They soon expanded the cultivation of coffee trees to the islands of Sumatra and Celebes.
The Dutch did a curious thing, however.Â In 1714, the Mayor of Amsterdam presented a gift of a young coffee plant to King Louis XIV of France. The King ordered it to be planted in the Royal Botanical Garden in Paris. In 1723, a young naval officer, Gabriel de Clieu obtained a seedling from the King’s plant. Despite an arduous voyage — complete with horrendous weather, a saboteur who tried to destroy the seedling and a pirate attack — he managed to transport it safely to Martinique.Â Once planted, the seedling thrived and is credited with the spread of over 18 million coffee trees on the island of Martinique in the next 50 years.Â It was also the stock from which coffee trees throughout the Caribbean, South and Central America originated.
Coffee is said to have come to Brazil in the hands of Francisco de Mello Palheta who was sent by the emperor to French Guiana for the purpose of obtaining coffee seedlings. But the French were not willing to share and Palheta was unsuccessful. However, he was said to have been so handsomely engaging that the French Governor’s wife was captivated. As a going-away gift, she presented him with a large bouquet of flowers.Â Buried inside he found enough coffee seeds to begin what is today a billion-dollar industry.
In only 100 years, coffee had established itself as a commodity crop throughout the world.Â Missionaries and travellers, traders and colonists continued to carry coffee seeds to new lands and coffee trees were planted worldwide.Â Plantations were established in magnificent tropical forests and on rugged mountain highlands. Some crops flourished, while others were short-lived.Â New nations were established on coffee economies.Â Fortunes were made and lost.Â And by the end of the 18th century, coffee had become one of the world’s most profitable export crops.
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Fizzy drinks could increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes but there is no such link with fruit juice, tea or coffee, study finds
- Scientists looked at drinking habits of patients who suffered cardiac arrest
- Found there’s a link between heart attacks and consumption of fizzy drinks
- Data was based on the amount patients had spent on the beveragesÂ
- But they found no link to other drinks such as tea, coffee or fruit juice
Fizzy drinks may be linked to a higher risk of heart attacks, researchers claim.
They say high consumption of carbonated soft drinks may lead to an increased rate of heart disease and strokes.
Japanese scientists looked at the drinking habits of 800,000 patients who had to be resuscitated after having a cardiac arrest out of hospital during a six-year period.
They asked the patients what they had spent on beverages, and found a link with heart attacks and the consumption of carbonated soft drinks.
However, there was no link with other drinks such as green tea, black tea, coffee, cocoa, fruit or vegetable juice, fermented milk and mineral water.
Professor Keijiro Saku, from Fukuoka University, presented the findings yesterday at the European Society of Cardiology Congress in London.
He said: â€˜Carbonated beverages, or sodas, have frequently been demonstrated to increase the risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease.
â€˜The acid in carbonated beverages might play an important role in this association.â€™
Metabolic syndrome is the medical term for a combination of diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity that puts sufferers at greater risk of heart disease, stroke and other conditions affecting blood vessels.
However, Professor Saku admitted that his data on fizzy drink consumption was based on expenditure and â€˜the association with out-of-hospital cardiac arrests is not causalâ€™.
He added: â€˜But the findings do indicate that limiting consumption of carbonated beverages could be beneficial for health.â€™
Gavin Partington, director general of the British Soft Drinks Association, said â€˜The author of this study, which is neither peer-reviewed nor published, admits that the association is not causal.
â€˜In fact, the report does not contain any evidence to show that drinking carbonated drinks causes out-of-hospital cardiac arrests.â€™
But senior NHS figures have become increasingly concerned about the impact of sweet and fizzy drinks on health â€“ particularly for children.
Simon Stevens, chief executive of NHS England, said recently: â€˜There is a steady drumbeat of evidence showing that sugar and obesity are not only causing cancer but a whole range of other health problems.
â€˜Thereâ€™s absolutely no reason why kids should have sugary, fizzy drinks.
â€˜They are of no nutritional value â€“ they are damaging to health.â€™
The British Medical Association has called for a 20 per cent levy to be put on sugary drinks to subsidise fruit and vegetables
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3219153/Fizzy-drinks-increase-risk-heart-attacks-strokes-no-link-fruit-juice-tea-coffee-study-finds.html#ixzz3l1EQzX6E
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